| 2013 annual report and exchange on scientific and technological achievements & Top Ten Scientific and Technological Progress Selection of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences were held in Beijing, from 9 to 10 January, 2014. 21 recommended excellent scientific and technological achievements were reported and exchanged at the meeting. Various institutes affiliated to Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, i.e., Institute of Geology, Institute of Mineral Resources, Institute of Geomechanics, Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Institute of Karst Geology and Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, as well as the Academy Authority, made the preliminary selection for the total 1022 scientific and technological projects undertaken in 2013. The selection committee consists of 42 academicians and experts coming from Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Education, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Earthquake Administration, Sinopec Group, etc. Top Ten Scientific and Technological Progresses of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences in the Year 2013 were selected and commented one by one on the basis of careful and rigorous review and voting. The awarded achievements involve basic geology, mineral resources, hydrogeology, engineering geology, environmental geology, techniques and methods, which represent the latest, highest research level of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences.