四川邻水高滩镇地热井含膏盐段岩屑稀土元素特征及意义*
投稿时间:2023-11-12  修订日期:2023-12-18  点此下载全文
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刘建清* 中国地质调查局成都地质调查中心西南地质科技创新中心 610218
黄从俊 中国地质调查局成都地质调查中心西南地质科技创新中心 
朱华平 中国地质调查局成都地质调查中心西南地质科技创新中心 
何利 中国地质调查局成都地质调查中心西南地质科技创新中心 
冉静 中国地质调查局成都地质调查中心西南地质科技创新中心 
中文摘要:四川盆地华蓥山东翼四川邻水县高滩镇倒碑村地热井嘉陵江组-雷口坡组钻遇多层膏盐夹层,对其岩屑开展了岩石学、稀土元素和相关微量元素测试分析。研究表明:(1)该区嘉陵江组-雷口坡组膏盐层成分主要为石膏,含少量钾长石、石英、粘土矿物等陆源碎屑,∑REE)非常较低,介于7.18×10-6-77.63×10-6,均值20.03×10-6,明显低于泥岩及砂岩稀土总量,与江西信江盆地晚白垩世膏盐以及安徽北部等地碳酸盐岩REE总量相近。∑REE与Al的主要载体(粘土矿物)呈正相关关系,HREE与LREE亦呈明显正相关关系,稀土元素来自附近泸州古隆起陆源碎屑态粘土矿物以及粘土矿物对水体中稀土的吸附作用,这两种作用可能是膏盐类和碳酸盐类稀土元素的主要来源;(2)该区膏盐层段岩屑稀土元素为相对平坦的页岩标准化曲线形态,LREE/HREE介于3.02-3.72之间,平均值介于3.72。(La/Yb)N介于1.15-1,63之间,平均值1.29,曲线略向右倾斜,轻稀土弱富集。δEu介于1.14-6.89之间,平均值2.65。δCe介于0.81-0.87,平均值0.85,具明显的Eu正异常和较弱的Ce亏损,表现为缺氧、还原、强酸的环境,地层中或广泛存在热化学硫酸岩还原作用(TSR);(3)La/Ce值、Zn-Ni-Co三角图、LogTh-LogU相关图显示膏盐地层为高温环境,这促进了TSR作用的发育。高温除与正常地温梯度相关外,更重要的可能与峨眉山玄武岩喷发后续效应以及雷口坡组底部火山喷发(绿豆岩)有关。这些研究有助于膏盐类稀土元素聚集机理的认识,对于膏盐沉积、成岩过程中稀土元素的地球化学行为的认识也有积极意义。
中文关键词:邻水县  高滩镇 地热井  膏岩 稀土元素
 
Characteristics and significance of rare earth elements in lithic cuttings of gypsum salt section of geothermal well in Gaotan Town, Linshui, Sichuan
Abstract:Multi-layer paste salt interlayer was drilled in Jialingjiang Formation - Lekoupo Formation of geothermal well in Doubei village, Gaotan Town, Linshui County, Sichuan, and petrological, rare earth elements and related trace elements were tested and analyzed. The study shows: (1) The gypsum salt beds in this area are mainly composed of gypsum and contain a small amount of terrigenous debris such as potassium feldspar, quartz and clay minerals. ∑REE is very low, ranging from 7.18×10-6-77.63×10-6 with an average of 20.03×10-6, which is significantly lower than the total REE of mudstone and sandstone, and similar to the total REE of gypsum salt in Xinjiang Basin of Jiangxi Province and carbonate rocks in northern Anhui Province. ∑REE is positively correlated with the main carrier of Al (clay minerals), and HREE and LREE are also significantly positively correlated. Ree elements come from terrigenous clastic clay minerals in the nearby Luzhou palaeouplift and the adsorption of clay minerals on REE in water, which may be the main sources of REE elements in paste salts and carbonates; (2) The rare earth elements of the paste salt formation in this area are relatively flat standardized curve of shale. LREE/HREE ranges from 3.02 to 3.72, with a mean value of 3.72. (La/Yb)N was between 1.15-1,63 with a mean of 1.29. The curve inclines slightly to the right, and light rare earth is weakly enriched. δEu ranged from 1.14 to 6.89 with a mean of 2.65. δCe ranges from 0.81-0.87 with a mean of 0.85. It has obvious positive Eu anomaly and weak Ce deficit, which is characterized by anoxic, reductive and strong acid environment, and hydrothermal sulfite reduction (TSR) exists in the formation or widely; (3) The La/Ce values, Zn-Ni-Co triangle diagram and LogTh-LogU correlation diagram show that the paste salt formation is a high-temperature environment, which promotes the development of TSR effect. In addition to the normal geothermal gradient, the high temperature may be more importantly related to the follow-up effect of the Emei basalt eruption and the volcanic eruption (mung bean rock) at the bottom of the Lekoupo Formation. These studies are helpful to the understanding of the accumulation mechanism of rare earth elements in paste salt and have positive significance to the understanding of the geochemical behavior of rare earth elements in the process of paste salt deposition and diagenesis.
keywords:Linshui  County, Gaotan  Town, Geothermal  well, Paste  rock, Rare  earth element
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