江汉盆地潜江凹陷王场地区深层卤水水化学特征及成因研究
投稿时间:2021-11-30  修订日期:2022-01-06  点此下载全文
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薛燕 长江大学资源与环境学院 100000
王春连 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 
刘殿鹤 北京大学地球与空间科学学院中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 
颜开 冰岛大学地球科学学院中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 
王九一 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 
彭琰聪 长江大学资源与环境学院 
高绣纺 长江大学资源与环境学院 
基金项目:(编号: U20A2092,42002106 )国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
中文摘要:沉积盆地油田卤水中蕴藏着锂、铷、铯等战略性关键矿产资源,其成因研究具有重要意义。本次研究采集了江汉盆地潜江凹陷王场地区地下卤水样品18件,测试了其化学组成,分析了卤水的水化学特征、元素相关性和特征系数,探讨了该地区深层卤水成因。研究区卤水赋存于古近系潜江组砂岩中,矿化度(TDS)平均值为260.04g/L,水化学类型为Cl-Na型,pH值在7.03-8.01之间。与往年相比,潜江凹陷卤水矿化度呈逐年下降趋势,可能与油田的开采注水有关。Na、Cl含量与TDS呈现了明显的正相关性,Li、K、B和Br含量随着TDS增加而升高,而Ca含量随着TDS增加呈下降趋势,可能揭示了原生沉积卤水蒸发浓缩的过程。高的钠氯系数(1.09~1.21)和氯溴系数(480~1547.60)以及低的钾氯系数(3.75~14.82)表明了来自石盐溶解的贡献,波动的钙镁系数和脱硫系数反映了不均一的封闭性和变质程度,从潜一段至潜四段封闭性变好、变质程度变高。研究区地下卤水为陆相盐湖原生蒸发沉积,有明显石盐淋滤的物源补给,储集空间整体封闭性较差,变质程度较低。
中文关键词:潜江凹陷  地下卤水  水化学  特征系数  物质来源
 
Hydrochemical Characteristics and Genesis of Deep Brines in Wangchang Area, Qianjiang Depression, Jianghan Basin
Abstract:There are strategic key mineral resources such as lithium, rubidium and cesium in oilfield brine of sedimentary basin. In this study, 18 underground brine samples from Wangchang area in Qianjiang depression, Jianghan Basin were collected, their chemical composition was tested, their hydrochemical characteristics, element correlation and characteristic coefficient were analyzed, and the genesis of deep brine in this area was discussed. The brine in the study area is found in the sandstone of Paleogene Qianjiang Formation, the average total dissoloved solid (TDS) is 260.04g/L, the hydrochemistry type is Cl-Na type, and the pH value is between 7.03 and 8.01. Compared with previous years, the total dissoloved solid of brine in Qianjiang depression decreases year by year, which may be related to water injection. The contents of Na and Cl were positively correlated with TDS, and the contents of Li, K, B and Br increased with the increase of TDS, while the contents of Ca decreased with the increase of TDS, which may reveal the evaporation and concentration process of primary sedimentary brine. The high sodium-chloride coefficient (1.09~1.21), the chloro-bromine coefficient (480~1547.60) and the low potassium-chloride coefficient (3.75~14.82) indicate the contribution from the dissolution of stone salt. The fluctuating Ca/Mg coefficient and desulphurization coefficient reflect the uneven sealing and metamorphic degree, and the sealing and metamorphic degree become better from the first subduction to the fourth subduction. The underground brine in the study area is the primary evaporative deposit of the continental salt lake, which is supplemented by the obvious source of stone salt leaching. The overall sealing of the reservoir space is poor and the metamorphism degree is low.
keywords:Qianjiang sag  underground brine  water chemistry  characteristic coefficient  material source
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