黔西北毕节地区中二叠统碳酸盐岩岩石学、地球化学特征及意义
投稿时间:2021-11-17  修订日期:2021-12-28  点此下载全文
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兰叶芳 贵州工程应用技术学院 551700
任传建 贵州工程应用技术学院 
李小彩 贵州工程应用技术学院 
任戍明 贵州工程应用技术学院 
高柱 贵州工程应用技术学院 
基金项目:贵州省科技计划项目(编号:黔科合基础[2017]1407)、贵州省高校优秀科技创新人才支持计划(编号:黔教合KY字[2015] 504)、贵州工程应用技术学院高层次人才科研启动基金项目(编号:院科合字G2017006号)、贵州省普通高等学校青年科技人才成长项目(编号:黔教合KY字[2022]124)、创新创业项目(编号:202010668007)
中文摘要:在剖面实测、薄片鉴定和阴极发光分析的基础上,结合元素和同位素地球化学分析,研究黔西北毕节地区中二叠统碳酸盐岩的岩石学和地球化学特征并揭示其地质意义。结果表明:1)中二叠统栖霞和茅口组主要发育泥晶灰岩和颗粒灰岩,不具阴极发光或显示弱阴极发光,而白云石化作用主要发育于栖霞组上部和茅口组一段,白云石具有暗玫红色阴极发光;2)栖霞组—茅口组碳酸盐岩相对富集Ni、V、Cr、U,贫亲铜元素,具有稀土总量低(∑REE+Y为2.11—8.10μg/g),轻稀土相对亏损和重稀土相对富集的左倾型稀土分配特征;3)易于在陆源组分中富集的Ti、Al、Zr、Th等元素含量均较低、具有低Mn含量(<50×10-6)和Mn/Sr比值(<1)、结合阴极发光和REE组成特征,说明研究区中二叠统碳酸盐岩样品受陆源物质影响或改造的程度较小,而极低的Re、Cd、Mo、U、Cu含量以及明显的Ce负异常表明,中二叠世时期研究区以氧化环境为主;4)碳酸盐岩样品的δ13C为1.2‰—4.6‰(平均值3.6‰),δ18O为-7.4‰—-10.1‰(平均值-9.08‰),碳氧同位素之间无明显相关性,碳同位素的变化与区内的海侵—海退旋回相一致,而氧同位素的偏负则反映的是渐进埋藏成岩作用的增温效应。
中文关键词:碳酸盐岩  地球化学特征  成岩蚀变  沉积环境  栖霞—茅口组  毕节地区
 
Petrological and geochemical characteristics and their significance of Middle Permian carbonate rocks in Bijie area, northwestern Guizhou
Abstract:Based on field observations, thin section identification and cathodoluminescence analysis, combined with elemental and isotope geochemical analysis, the petrological and geochemical characteristics of the Middle Permian carbonate rocks in northwestern Guizhou were studied. The results show that: 1) Grainstone and micritic limestone are dominated in the Middle Permian strata, and the rock samples are characterized by non-luminescence to weak luminescence. Dolomitization mainly occurs in the upper part of Qixia Formation and the first member of Maokou Formation, and the dolomites have dark rose cathodoluminescence. 2) The carbonate rocks of Qixia-Maakou Formation are relatively rich in Ni, V, Cr and U, and poor in chalcophile elements. They generally have a left-leaning REE distribution pattern with low total REE (∑REE 2.11-8.10 μg/g), relative deficit of LREE and relative enrichment of HREE. 3) The contents of elements such as Ti, Al, Zr and Th, which are easy to be enriched in terrigenous components, are low. The low Mn content (<50×10-6) and Mn/Sr ratio (<1), combined with characteristics of cathodoluminescence and REE composition, indicate that the middle Permian carbonate samples in the study area are less affected or modified by terrigorous materials. The extremely low Re, Cd, Mo, U, Cu content and obvious negative Ce anomaly indicate that the study area was dominated by oxidation environment during the Middle Permian. 4)The δ13CPDB and δ18OPDB ranges from 1.2‰ to 4.6‰ (mean 3.6‰), and from 7.4‰ to 10.1‰ (mean 9.08‰), respectively. There is no obvious correlation between δ13CPDB and δ18OPDB. The variation of carbon isotope is consistent with the transgression-regression cycle in the area, while the negative oxygen isotope is mainly the result of burial diagenesis.
keywords:Carbonate rocks  Elemental and isotope geochemistry  Diagenetic alteration  Sedimentary environment  Qixia-maokou Formation  Bijie
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