西藏多不杂斑岩铜(金)矿床磁铁矿元素地球化学特征及其对成矿过程的指示
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引用本文:付雪莲,唐菊兴,杨欢欢,王勤,梁鑫娟,张琪,董玉杰,宋家俊,李建力,王佳鑫,张荣坤.2023.西藏多不杂斑岩铜(金)矿床磁铁矿元素地球化学特征及其对成矿过程的指示[J].地球学报,44(3):498-510.
DOI:10.3975/cagsb.2022.112201
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作者单位E-mail
付雪莲 成都理工大学地球科学学院 1961613224@qq.com 
唐菊兴 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 tangjuxing@126.com 
杨欢欢 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所  
王勤 成都理工大学地球科学学院  
梁鑫娟 成都理工大学地球科学学院  
张琪 中国地质大学(北京)  
董玉杰 西藏自治区地质矿产勘查开发局第五地质大队  
宋家俊 西藏大学  
李建力 西藏自治区地质矿产勘查开发局第五地质大队  
王佳鑫 成都理工大学地球科学学院  
张荣坤 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所  
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“西藏多龙巨型铜金矿集区铁格隆南矿床的改造;保存机制: 多体系低温热年代学约束”(编号: 42002103);国家重点研发计划项目“西藏铜多金属资源基地绿色勘查与增储示范”(编号: 2022YFC2905001)
中文摘要:多不杂铜(金)矿床是西藏多龙矿集区重要的斑岩型铜矿床之一。详细的岩心编录和岩相学研究显示, 多不杂铜(金)矿床发育4类磁铁矿: 磁铁矿-1(Mt1)反射色呈灰白色, 它形粒状, 部分颗粒包含在黑云母内部; 磁铁矿-2(Mt2)反射色呈粉棕色, 半自形-它形粒状, 边缘被赤铁矿交代, 颗粒内部见少量黄铜矿; 磁铁矿-3(Mt3)反射色呈粉棕色, 自形-半自形, 粒度小, 表面平整, 主要产于角岩化蚀变内; 磁铁矿-4(Mt4)反射色呈深灰色, 颗粒间隙被黄铁矿、黄铜矿交代。Mt1、Mt2属岩浆磁铁矿或岩浆-热液磁铁矿的过渡类型; Mt3、Mt4属岩浆-热液磁铁矿的过渡类型。Mt1、Mt2、Mt4磁铁矿形成温度大致在300~500 ℃, Mt3形成温度明显低于其他三类磁铁矿, 大致在200~500 ℃。4类磁铁矿具有明显的地球化学差异, 其中Mt1具高Ti、V, 低Mn、低氧逸度的特征; Mt2具有低V, 高Mn、高氧逸度的特征; Mt3具有低Ti, 低Mn、Al, 且Mn、Al含量与Ti呈正相关的特征; Mt4具低V、高Mn、Si、Al, 高氧逸度的特征。其中Mt1形成时间最早, 而Mt3形成时间最晚。高Mn和低V的磁铁矿是多不杂矿床铜矿化的指示标志。
中文关键词:多不杂  铜(金)矿床  斑岩型  磁铁矿  成矿过程
 
Elemental Geochemical Characteristics of Magnetite and Its Indication of Mineralization Process in the Duobuza Porphyry Copper (Gold) Deposit, Tibet
Abstract:The Duobuza copper (gold) deposit is an important porphyry copper deposit located in the Duolong ore district of Tibet. Detailed core logging and petrographic studies show that the Duobuza copper (gold) deposit develops four types of magnetite. Magnetite-1 (Mt1) with grayish-white reflective color, anhedral grain, and some are trapped in the biotite. Magnetite-2 (Mt2) with pinkish-brown reflective color, subhedral to anhedral grain, with edges that are replaced by hematite, and containing a small amount of chalcopyrite. Magnetite-3 (Mt3) is pinkish-brown, euhedral to anhedral grain, small in size with smooth surface, and mainly occurs in hornfelization alteration. Magnetite-4 (Mt4) is dark gray, and its fissures and intergranular spaces are replaced by pyrite and chalcopyrite. Mt1 and Mt2 belong to the magmatic magnetite or magmatic-hydrothermal magnetite transitional types, while Mt3 and Mt4 belong to the magmatic-hydrothermal magnetite transitional types. Mt1, Mt2, and Mt4 magnetite formed at temperatures ranging from roughly 300 °C to 500 °C, while Mt3 formed at temperatures ranging from roughly 200 °C to 500 °C, which is significantly lower than those of the other three types of magnetite. The four types of magnetite have marked geochemical differences. Mt1 is characterized by high Ti and V, low Mn, and low oxygen fugacity; Mt2 is characterized by low V, high Mn, and high oxygen fugacity; Mt3 is characterized by low temperature, low Mn, Al, and positive correlation between Mn and Al content and Ti; Mt4 is characterized by low V, high Mn, Si, Al, and high oxygen fugacity. Mt1 is formed first, while Mt3 is formed last. The magnetite with high Mn and low V is an indicator of copper mineralization in the Duobuza deposit.
keywords:Duobuza  copper (gold) deposit  porphyry type  magnetite  mineralization
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